THANKS TO Smt SARANYA–who helped to create “Face book” and induced to deliver many many lectures
This wonderful article is written by Swamy U Ve. URUPPATTUR D Soundararajan. I ( Smt Saranya) am just sharing the information.
This is a series of articles written by Sri U Ve. Uruppattur D Soundararajan Swamy
This is a “series” to inculcate the habit of performing “Sandhya-Vandanam”” among the brahmin youths,after their Upanayanam function.This is also intended to revie the practice of performing Sandhya_vandanam by the grahasthas/office-goers/business people/cooks who are cooking,supplyingg serving the food during functions and their assistants/poor Brahmins who are eking their lively-hood by getting sambhavana after reciting Udhaka santhi etc
Vedas smrities,sastras etc are our unbreakable part of faith & this Kaliyuga is best among 4 yougas to meditate & reach Bhagavan easily & quickly.These sastras command us to life time but also to reach the lotus feet of Sriman Narayanan.This “nitya Karma”should be performed even during “Achoucham”(Theettu) period & even in case of chronic ill-health or in travel.
Once the true meaning & purpose & also benefits that will be accrued when Sandhya-vandana is performed regularly are known and clearly understood. Adiyen trusts all brahmins, hitherto failing in their duty will definetly begin to perform this every day without fail
What is Sandhya vandanam?….
Everybody knows that vandanam means more or less worship but sandhya means—what? to say in a word sandhya means meeting .
What is this meeting?
A meeting with SUN ie a meeting with SOorya narayana! a worship offered to soorya narayana thus sandhya vandana means a worship offered to soorya
As per Sastras Three times a day one should do Sandya vandana
1.Day-During sun rise
2.Midday- shortening of shadows of morning sun & lengthening the same of evening sun,Sun reaches its glory enveloping the entire world.with powerful rays & brighter- This is 2nd sandhya kalam
3. Sun set time-sun slowly sinking down, Twlight time-3rd sandhya kalam
These 3 times of sun movement are soul stirring.The time is important & worshipping at this time is even more improtant.Though one may not be able to keep up the same time to perform sandhya vandanam everyday, it should always be tried.This is a spiritual exercise depending on time,place, surroundings.
It consists of 2 main parts – 1st part is with water (Jalam-Jala bhagam) & second part is on ground ( nila bhagam); other partss are preliminaries to lead and to finish.
Jala Bhagam-giving arghyam( throwing water up in the sky with both the hands) while reciting the mantras
Nila Bhagam- Gayathri Manthra Jabam
Achamanam means “Sipping” of water.Lets see what happens before commencing to perfom a “karma” an achamanam should be perfomed which also consists of 2 parts
1.Sipping of water from right palm thrice ,with mantra for each time one sips.Slowly sipping gives energy.The 3 mantras operate as a medicine to cure disease( siping should be practised through brahaspathi the water should not be sucked from the palm)
2.Then wiping the water with fingers( 2cheeks,2eyes,2 mostril,2 ears,2 shoulders,then navel & then crest of the head duly reciting the 12 namaas of Bhagavan.Fingers here are important as these 10 fingers are touching the groups of nerves the separate naamas of Bhagavan which give purification,clear mind & fresh energy when so touched.So also the latter 2 naamaas ( Padmanabha & Damodara) when all fingers together touch the navel & crest of the head.This performance gives benefit to various nervous system & through it to the body & mind.Proper examination of anatomy of nerves prove that when that portion is touched by a particular finger with COLD WATER reciting Bhagavan Naama,it gives fresh energy..
No act of any important karma should be done without sankalpam.This gives psychological & sportual value.we commence by invoking god’s krupa who is inspirer ,director and does this act.we stretchforth our mind through the two infinites of space & time & determining mentally the exact place & time at which we are placed.we make a solemn declaration about our intention to perform this rite.By this,we prouce spiritual power which develops many fold.
This means literally control or lengthening the breath,At one time the hankering of fresh oxygen to cleanse the system(circulation of blood,digestion etc) & promote its vitality
A living being is called Prani before taking annam(rice).We dedicate 5 small morsels of annam purified by ghee to 5 divisions of the air inside our human body-Prana,Apana,Vyana,udana & samana which contribute to the proper maintance of life in this world.Pranayama is the essencce of certain kinds of yoga. Pranayama is an exercise physically,mentally,psychologicaly & spoiritually
Deep breathing produces all the benefits of physical exercise by promoting circulation of blood,by purifying it & promoting organ function,etc
The control of breath can be obtainedby control of mind & attention to exercise which recharges mental battery & increases output level also.Pranayama is brilliant & time honoured excercise which should be given due importance by us & also by our future generations,forgetting the advertising mania of yoga because pranayama is part & parcel of our nithya karma in this self of man becomes the soul & non self becomes the body of self
Prokshana means sprinkling of water.Where? how?
Taking water with tips of the fingers of the right hand from a vessel & sprinkling it duly reciting mantra for each such sprinkling over the head.These manthras praise the water.Our ancestors,sages ,rishis understood & realised the uncomparable importance of using water with its value & virtues.
Such process of sprinkling water over head gives conccentration of mind,duly purifying the mind & body.The 2 prokshanams with the intervening achamanam, duly reciting the relevant manthra purify not only water but also mind & body.Which gives such a qualification to the performer to do the next part of this nithya karma ie Arghyam
Arghya refers to something divine (sacrosanct) offered with both hands to the SUN-GOD. Prakrutham Srimath Paravakkottai Andavan ( Srirangam) , in the book, ” Yajur Vedeeya Sandhyavandana Bashyam ” says:— Some “Rakshasas” through their “Thapas” (penance) got” varam” ( boon) from Brahma and obtained strength and skill. They become haughty and they are fighting with Sun-God daily. Water thrown up duly reciting ” Gayathri Manthra” become transferred into a powerful weapon ( Vajra ayudha of Indra ) and chases/scares/ drives out the asuras to an island called “Mandeharuna”, who attack the Sun-God interfering His duties and blocking such duties Thus, Asuras are driven out daily by this performance of offering ” Arghya” , because they are coming again and again voluntarily to fight with Sun-God
H.H. further says that to weed out the “papa” ( sin) accrued through this act by us , we come around us clockwise reciting 3 Vyahruthis ( Om bhoor bhuvas suva:)and meditating Sun-God as” Brahmam” with the manthra ” Asavaadhitya brahma”
This is the kind of worshipful Offering of water to the Sun-God He is the light of lights, vitality, and intelligence. Such offering of Arghya brings direct relationship with Surya Narayana for the receipt, preservation of vital forces, as Sun-God is also the God of waters. This offering of arghya prepares the performer to make him fit and holy for performing the next nithya-karma -Jabha of Gayathri manthra
This” arghya” is given by way of atonement/expiation , if “arghya” is not offered at the prescribed time. This prayas-chitta arghyam also drives rakshasas though offered late
Then, Tharppanam duly performing ” achamanam” again, water is offered through the fore-fingers( water will flow from right-hand palm to all the fingers downwards) to Sriman Narayana , reciting His 12 namas, each ofwhich refers a distinct aspect of GOD–Sriman Narayana(i.e. Kesavam tharppayami, Narayanan tharppayami….)
If we say in a nut-shell, Sandhyavandanam begins with
3. Sankalpam,Satvika thyaakam
5. Nyasam( Sooryasyeth yanuvagasya agnirishi: devi Gayathri chandha: suryo devatha abham prachane viniyoka:) then take water
Suryascha mamunyuscha Take water duly reciting this
- Again, Achamanam
9—Nyasam ( Arghya pradana manthrasya ………)
Then Arghyam If necessary, kala-atita-prayaschitta arghyam/ -self–pradakshinam in the ground
Then ” Tharppanam” – in “jalam “
Till this, Sandhyavandana Nithya karma is performed with water ( Jala-bhagam)
This is a series of articles written by Sri U Ve. Uruppattur D Soundararajan Swamy
Nila / ground bhagam
Hitherto jalabhaga karma. Now, this nithya karma shifts to the ground ( bhoomi)
As said already, adiyen’s intention is to tell the enormous benefits that derive when we perform Sandhyavandana and not to give word-by-word meanings to the mantras.Having this in mind, adiyen proceeds further
Preparation for Gayatri manthra jabha:-
This is in three parts
1.Pranavam:- Head of the Veda single syllable in three parts
- a) whole Universe
- b) it’s creation
- c) preservation & destruction
though differently interpreted by Sages at different times. But, it is comprehensive and mere sound.When we pronounce, it gives transcendental bliss
- Vyahrities:- Comprehensive realisation of the entire Universe…………. seven.., but in Gayatri manthra, 3 vyahrities are used. Seven Sages are responsible for these seven vyahrities. Chandas/metres… seven. Presiding Deities are also seven
The above are followed by “pranayama”
- Manthram:– Then, invocation of Gayatri Maathaa She is the spirit of the Universe, having all potency and transcendent, resplendence etc.This Manthra is in four parts
First consisting of three vyahrities—to bring before the performer the whole Universe in all it’s parts in a complete shape
Second, third, & fourth are 3 lines which give meaning thus;
” Which “Tejas” awake the sleeping ‘janendriyas” and conduct them , which upasana “tejas” responsible for the entire Universe as” Soorya”, that “tejas ” of Soorya is meditated ( It is practically not easy to give meaning to this richest and vibrant manthra But this is an childish attempt for which adiyen begs your pardon ) his conveys our obeisance to that Divine which kindles our spiritual intelligence and enhance it further and further, when we do “jabham” 108/1008 times during every three Sandhyavandana performances everyday This is a kind of spiritual exercise , when practiced, adds countless molecules in our spiritual activities and intelligence. Repeated performance of jabha adds our spiritual power correlating us and effecting wonderful organic relationship between us and Divine God and bring more and more unbelievable anugraha on the performer
Such of this spiritual faculty in us increases spiritual potency and prepares us supreme in intelligence, understanding, & provides us spiritual control over others besides giving vitality, beauty, intellect, strength, power etc etc
Then udvasana.Gayatri has the reference to SUN-GOD, the source of light, the origin of fire ,eye of the Universe etc
Soorya-darshan.Here, it is necessary to tell about” Soorya-darshan “during the performance of “Madyahnikam”. This ” darshan” when observed strictly according to the instructions, will give clear eye-sight throughout one’s life, without any eye-disease. There is specific manthra to this Sattvika-tyaga
Every karma should be done without attachment. At the beginning of each karma,” Sattvika-tyaga” should be done. There are elobarate meanings to this” Sattvika-tyaga” But, in a very short line,it can be said thus;–
This “karma” has been commenced for the happiness/joy ( preethi) of Sriman Narayanan and at the end of the” karma “it has to be said that this karma has been completed for the happiness of Sriman Narayanan .
With the following slokas, we complete this work on” Sandhyavandanam “
- Sandhyaheena: achuchi: nithyam anarha: sarvakarmasu I
yath anyath guruthe karma na thasya palabakbaveth ||
- Sruthi: smruthi:mamyva ajjaa ya: thaam ullangya varthththe I
ajjaachchethi mama drohi mathbakthospi na vaishnava: ||
- Prathassanthyam sa nakshatram madyamam snanakarmani I
sadhithyam pachchimam sanththyam upaseetha yathavithi ||
Adiyen is not well-versed in ” Sastras”, giving ” vyakyanams”, duly analyzing , interpreting such of these works.
But, great desire/ craze/ craving (induced by Sri U.Ve . Muralidhar Rangaswami) forced adiyen to “sip” a drop of
samudra of ” Khseera” like a cat on the banks of ” Ksheera Samudra” and to tell the extraordinary sweetness of
” Sandhyavandana” to all of you.
There will be certainly deficiency in this forwhich adiyen prays your forgiveness
Adiyen’s request is that every Brahmin should perform thrikala sandhyavandanam everyday. Once it is commenced ,
then, there will be no going back by the brahmins and they will search for meanings/details/ bashyams with a desire
to know/understand more and more about this nithya karma and subsequently they will handle the torch of carrying
these to their next generations